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Mortgage 101: Common Terms

If you’re a first-time homebuyer, or it’s been a while since you’ve purchased a home, the many mortgage terms and phrases can be confusing. Given how important these terms are to understanding the mortgage process, we’ve compiled a list to help familiarize yourself with common mortgage lingo and get you started on your homebuying journey!

Common Terms
Mortgages can be confusing – abbreviations and acronyms are rampant, so be prepared for an alphabet soup of terms! Here’s a breakdown of some of the most common terms you’ll hear when discussing a mortgage:

  • Annual Percentage Rate: Also known as APR, this is a representation of your interest rate along with other additional charges that you pay to get the loan. This can include mortgage insurance and loan origination fees. It’s commonly represented as a percentage.
  • Appraisal: A written analysis prepared by a qualified appraiser that estimates the value of the property, providing you with an appraised value.
  • Closing: A meeting held to finalize the sale of a property. The buyer signs the mortgage documents and pays closing costs. Also called “settlement.”
  • Default: Failure to make mortgage payments on a timely basis or to comply with other requirements of a mortgage.
  • Delinquency: Failure to make on-time mortgage payments.
  • Loan-to-Value: A loan to value (LTV) percentage is a number that describes the size of a loan compared to the value of the property securing the loan. Lenders use the ratio to understand how risky a loan is.
  • The date on which the principal balance of a loan becomes due and payable.
    • Principal: The amount borrowed or remaining unpaid – the part of the monthly payment that reduces the remaining balance of a mortgage.
    • Principal Balance: The outstanding balance of principal on a mortgage not including interest or any other charges.
  • Mortgage: A legal document that pledges a property to the lender as security for payment of debt.
  • Security: The property that will be pledged as collateral for a loan.

How do you decide what type of mortgage is right for you? Reach out to one of HUNT Mortgage’s knowledgeable Mortgage Consultants today to learn about available options!

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